The “Eye Witnesses”

  The “Eyewitnesses”

 “I don’t know specifically … but I know I was there.”  Mel Mermelstein on the witness stand, by Theodore J. O’Keefe

Perhaps the most fantastic of the claims made by Mermelstein in By Bread Alone (pp. 115, 117) is that on the night of his arrival at Auschwitz-Birkenau, he, his father, and his brother, among many other Jews, were driven naked to three flaming pits in which it was possible to discern burning bodies. Mermelstein and the other new arrivals joined a complicated choreography wherein the nude inmates simultaneously ran around the pits as SS men with guard dogs forced others to join the macabre dance: 

Ahead were three huge pits dug deep into the ground. In each a fire was raging. Around the flaming pits naked men were running in an endless circle…. Quickly father grabbed my one hand and Lajos the other. Together we continued the race around the pit of death.

In his breathless telling, Mermelstein successfully resists the pit’s hypnotic lure, and withstands as well the danger of being shot, struck or bitten. He also avoids being driven into the flames after he has been knocked down near the edge of the pit by “the oncoming crowd.” Regaining his feet, he is able to join hands with his father and brother as they whirl about the pit, and to discuss a daring plan with a friend who has foresightedly concealed a straight razor on his naked person: in succession, each will kill a Nazi, slit his own wrist, then hand the razor on to another inmate. “Mad words, yet under the circumstances, reasonable enough,” mulls autobiographer Mermelstein. Just then, however, the SS fiends flail their whips, shouting, “Back to the barracks! Back to the barracks!” Many years later, in By Bread Alone, Mermelstein will wonder, with Talmudic acuity, whence and why the phantasmagoria at the pit. The most charitable explanation is doubtless raised by his final musing: “Or was it just an aberration of a demented mind?”

Crema 5_Auschwitz

Crematory building No. 5 (Krema V) in Birkenau.

Mel Mermelstein has repeatedly claimed to have witnessed his mother and sisters being driven into a “tunnel” to a “gas chamber” here. In fact, this structure is entirely above ground, and has no “tunnel.” Because it was surrounded by trees, it was called the “forest crematory.” (From: Auschwitz Chronicle [1990], p. 368).

Special Detail’ Confusion

In an article published in early 1987 in the New York Post, Edward Koch, at that time mayor of New York City, recounted his meeting with Mermelstein at Auschwitz a short time before. The mayor quoted Mermelstein: “I was part of a special detail which hauled the bodies from the gas chamber and took them to the crematorium.” [39]

This astonishing claim contradicts virtually every other statement Mermelstein has made about his time at Auschwitz-Birkenau, where he claims to have spent a couple of days, and at the main Auschwitz camp (Stammlager), where he says he spent six weeks or so. In all other available accounts, he claims not to have done any noteworthy work. In his 1967 statement to the Auschwitz Museum authorities, for example, he said: “During my six week stay in the Auschwitz camp I was not working.”[40] In his 1969 declaration given in Los Angeles, he said he had “no duties” there.[41] And in his May 1981 deposition, he said that at Auschwitz and Birkenau he had done “practically nothing… just some detail work” and “no physical work.”[42]

On November 1, 1989, attorney Mark Lane questioned Mermelstein about these flagrant discrepancies. It is safe to say that this “eyewitness” has never been subjected before or since to such a dogged grilling, nor perhaps has any other self-professed Holocaust witness. The end result of several dozen pages of question and answer was, not, as one could expect, elucidation, but rather contradiction heaped on contradiction, all devastating to Mermelstein’s credibility: he did and he didn’t drag bodies; there may have been bodies in the clothes that he dragged to open pits; he might have but probably didn’t drag bodies from the gas chambers.[43]

mel mermelstein_witness

Mel Mermelstein in the witness stand.

“Did you say those things to Mayor Koch?,” he was asked. “No, not quite,” answered Mermelstein. Under prodding, he added, “Well, I was in a special detail there, yes, close to the pits, next to the – those open pits … But we hauled not only bodies but clothes, whatever, dragging them into the pits.”

Q. Are you telling me that you do not recall if you hauled bodies from the gas chamber?

A. Not [sic] – I saw too much.

A moment later:

Q. Is it your testimony that you don’t remember whether or not you hauled bodies from the gas chamber?

A. I don’t remember. Okay? I don’t know specifically the way you put it. Okay? But I know I was there.

A frustrated Lane pressed on:

 Q. I’m asking you if you were part of a special detail and if part of your obligation on the special detail was in any way related to the gas chamber.

A. No, not specifically.

Trying to untangle himself, Mermelstein declares:

 To be part of a special detail, and that was, from time to time, you were pulled to do different things. There were days when we dragged – just looked like – it looked like a heap of clothes. And within these clothes, probably – and it was to have been dropped into the pits. Within those clothes and other items may have been some bodies as well.

Spoken like a real eyewitness. According to Mermelstein, his embarrassment springs from having seen too much, not too little. When, under challenge, his memory seems to fail him, it is enough that he was there.

‘Human Soap’

Mermelstein is also certain that the Germans manufactured bars of soap from the bodies of murdered Jews. During his May 1981 deposition, he was questioned on this point: [52]

Q. Did you ever see any of that soap allegedly made from the bodies or fats of Jews?

A. That’s what we were ordered to use in the death camps.

Q. Was there some sort of insignia or initial on that soap?

A. I don’t remember that. All I remember was the color of it was yellowish, and we knew that it was made out of humans. Yes.

Q. You heard it from other inmates; is that right? There was a rumor floating around the camp that the soap was made from Jewish bodies; is that correct?

A. That’s correct. That was not a rumor, it was an established fact.

Mermelstein seems incapable of distinguishing between rumor and “established fact.” In truth, the “Jewish soap” story is a wartime propaganda claim that no serious historian now accepts. In 1990 it was formally repudiated by Israel’s Yad Vashem Holocaust center.[53]   Read more at

39.  E. Koch, “A Wall in Auschwitz,” New York Post, February 9, 1987, p. 19, and, E. Koch, “Auschwitz Still Haunting the World,” Staten Island (New York) Advance, February 23, 1987, pp. A1, A10.
40.   Deposition of Mel Mermelstein, Oct. 23, 1967, p. 1. A copy is in the Auschwitz PMO archives.
41.  Mermelstein interrogation protocol, given at the German General Consulate, Los Angeles, November 13, 1969, p. 1. (“keine Beschäftigung”).
42.  Mermelstein deposition, May 27, 1981, Los Angeles, transcript pp. 68, 77.
43.  Deposition of Mel Mermelstein, November 1, 1989, reported by S. K. Farwell, in the case of M. Mermelstein vs. LSF, IHR, Liberty Lobby, et al. (2nd case), transcript pages 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 207.
52.  Mermelstein deposition, May 27, 1981, Los Angeles, transcript p. 40.
53.  M. Weber, “Jewish Soap,” The Journal of Historical Review, Summer 1991, pp. 217–227.

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“The most obvious absurdity”  by Juergen Graf

The most obvious absurdity of the Auschwitz lore is the Sonderkommando story

Revisionist Friedrich Berg once stated that the most cogent arguments against the Holocaust Hoax are technical. This is quite true, especially with regards to the Auschwitz story whose technical impossibilities have often been pointed out by revisionist researchers. But, in discussions with believers in the official version of the events, revisionists regularly discover that the technical arguments advanced by them fail to convince their opponents. This is understandable. Very few people know anything about the qualities of Zyclon B or the capacities of crematoria ovens, and acquiring the necessary knowledge requires a certain amount of effort and time. Rather than making this effort and investing the necessary time, anti-revisionists find it much more convenient to accuse their adversaries of resorting to “pseudo-scientific arguments” – a killer phrase often used by the media to revile the revisionists.

On the other hand, there is an argument which is so easy to understand and so irrefutable that it cannot fail to impress any moderately intelligent person seriously interested in historical truth. (The fanatical believers in the Holocaust, who exclaim “My mind is made up, so don’t confuse me with facts!” need not interest us.) This argument refers to the part of the so-called “Sonderkommando” in the alleged Auschwitz Holocaust.

If we follow the official version of the events, the name “Sonderkommando” was given to a group of Jewish prisoners forced to operate the gas chambers and the crematoria. When a new batch of Jewish victims were to be murdered in the homicidal “gas chambers” located inside the crematoria of Auschwitz I and Auschwitz-Birkenau, the Sonderkommando had to lead the victims into these buildings and tell them that they were going to take a shower. As soon as the victims had been herded into the “gas chamber,” the door was closed, and pellets of Zyclon B were dropped into the chamber through holes in the ceiling. Shortly after the death of the victims, the Sonderkommando opened the door and dragged the corpses to the crematoria ovens where they were subsequently burned.

In other words, the Sonderkommando played an absolutely essential, indispensable part in the logistics of the Auschwitz Holocaust. Without these Jewish slave workers, the extermination would have come to a standstill immediately.

Provided that the orthodox version of Auschwitz is true, the Sonderkommando members were of course the most competent witnesses of the mass murders, as they knew every gory detail of the extermination procedure. Under these circumstances, none of them could hope to survive Auschwitz. As a matter of fact, the Encyclopedia of the Holocaust claims that the members of the Sonderkommando were killed every few months and replaced by new ones. (Eberhard Jäckel, Peter Longerich, Julius Schoeps, Enzyklopädie des Holocaust, Berlin 1992, third volume, p. 1377). One of the most prominent Auschwitz witnesses, the Hungarian Jew Miklos Nyiszli, categorically states:

“After four months, when they have seen too much, they are liquidated. Since the foundation of the camp, every Sonderkommando met this fate.” (Miklos Nyiszli, Im Jenseits der Menschlichkeit, Berlin 1992, p. 24).

Embarrassingly for the Holocaust historians, the Sonderkommando people survived in large numbers. In his book Holocaust-Revisionismus: Ideologie oder Wissenschaft?, Raphael Ben Nescher, a Swiss Jew who makes numerous startling concessions to the revisionists, points out that at least 77 of its members survived the war and comments this astonishing fact as follows:

“One has to ask oneself why the Sonderkommando members of all people survived, although they are the best witnesses to the Nazi atrocities. […] Why were the Jews who had taken part in the gassings not liquidated? After six million Jews had been killed, a few hundred more would have made no difference” (p. 10).

A list of famous Sonderkommando Jews who miraculously survived the Auschwitz “death camp” includes the following names:

  • Alter Shmul Fajnzylberg aka Alter Feinsilber, deported to Auschwitz in March 1942, interned there until January 1945. He therefore survived eight liquidations.
  • Filip Müller, deported to Auschwitz in April 1942, interned there until January 1945. Survived eight liquidations.
  • Abraham Dragon, deported to Auschwitz in December 1942, interned there until January 1945. Survived six liquidations.
  • Szlama Dragon, deported to Auschwitz in December 1942, interned there until January 1945. Survived six liquidations.
  • Eliezer Eisenschmidt, deported to Auschwitz in December 1942, interned there until January 1945. Survived six liquidations.
  • Milton Buki, deported to Auschwitz in December 1942, interned there until January 1945. Survived six liquidations.
  • Henryk Tauber, deported to Auschwitz in January 1943, interned there until January 1945. Survived six liquidations.

(Sources: Jürgen Graf, Auschwitz. Tätergeständnisse und Augenzeugen des Holocaust, Würenlos 1994. Gideon Greif, Wir weinten tränenlos, Cologne 2011.)

Who do the Holocaust historians take their readers for? Do they perhaps think they are all idiots?

So the Sonderkommando story is utter rubbish and the official Auschwitz story, which is based on this rubbish, is nothing but a monstruous fraud. It just requires a minimum of intellectual honesty to come to this conclusion.

The material for this short article is partly taken from Juergen Graf’s booklet Von einem, der auszog, um den Revisionismus zu widerlegen: Raphael Ben Nescher und sein Buch ‘Holocaust-Revisionismus: Ideologie oder Wissenschaft?’ which will be published in Switzerland in a couple of months.

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“Forgotten propaganda lies”by Carlo Mattogno

On 27 January 1945, the vanguard of the Soviet 100th Infantry Division forming part of the 60th Army of the I Ukrainian Front, reached the Auschwitz- Birkenau complex, now abandoned by the SS.

The Soviet propaganda machine went to work immediately, echoing the most hare-brained stories circulating among the inmates – perhaps through excess of zeal.

On 2 February, Pravda published an article by its correspondent, Boris Poljevoi, entitled , “The Death Complex at Auschwitz”, in which, among other things, we may read the following:

“They [the Germans] levelled the mounds of so-called “old” mass graves in the Eastern area 1, blew up and destroyed the traces of their electrical conveyor belt (eljektrokonvjeijera) where hundreds of inmates had been killed simultaneously by electrical current (eljektriceskim tokom), after which the bodes were placed on a conveyor belt moving slowly towards a pit furnace (sciachtnuju pje)2, where the bodies were burnt completely” 3.

Until this time, Soviet propaganda had never paid much attention to Auschwitz. Pravda, in the preceding months, had only dedicated a few lines to it, reporting, moreover, information received from London, according to which the Auschwitz “death factory” had three crematoria, “equipped with gas chambers””, with a capacity of 10,000 bodies per day! 4

The propaganda story recounted by Boris Poljevoi, above, was picked up by a former Auschwitz inmate, a certain Lieberman, who stated as follows on 27 September 1945 :

“As I already said, I belonged to the working party responsible for unloading the ‘stiffs’ at the station. At that time, we never had any contact with the inmates from the big camp. We were put into quarantine separately, but we were housed together with another working party doing service in the crematorium and gas chamber. That’s why I know what happened [there]. The men and women went into the so-called shower area and got undressed separately, to avoid panic.

“Once they were undressed, they entered the central gas chamber through separate doors. The central gas chamber could hold 3,000 people. The gas was released from the shower heads and from gas bombs thrown through apertures pierced for the purpose. Death occurred in five minutes. On some days, when enormous transports arrived at Birkenau station, 42,000 people were gassed.

Upon completion of the gassing procedure, the floor of the gas chamber opened automatically and the bodies fell into a subterranean chamber, where inmates extracted their gold teeth and cut off their hair to a certain length. […]

“After the gold teeth had been extracted, the bodies were loaded onto a moving conveyor belt and carried to the crematory ovens through underground passageways. There were four ovens, one big and three small, which had a capacity of 400 bodies in five minutes 5. Later, when the number of bodies exceeded the capacity of the ovens, ditches were dug and the bodies were drenched in oil and thrown in. I personally saw these trenches and smelt the stench of the combustion. I was also able to visit the gas chambers and crematoria, when I was ordered to clean them one day when they were out of use.

“I never personally saw the trollies for transporting the bodies, nor did I see the ovens in action, but, as I have said, some of the working parties working in the gas chambers and ovens lived with us and they told me these details. This special group was called the Sonderkommando (special commando). I personally know a certain Jacob Weinschein 6 from Paris, who is a survivor of this commando” 7.

In 1946, a French governmental publication, with reference to a “Report from the Russian services”, reported another version of the story:

“800-900 metres from the location of the furnaces, the inmates departed on trollies travelling on rails. These rails, at Auschwitz, were of varying dimensions and contained from 10 to 15 persons. When it was loaded, the trolley was placed in movement along an inclined plane, where it then entered a gallery at high speed. At the end of the gallery, the trolley smashed into a wall. This opened the wall automatically, and the trolley tipped, dumping its human cargo of living beings into the furnace. The trolley was then followed by another, full of another group of inmates, and so on.” 8.

According to another, hybrid variant of the story, recounted by the former inmate Leo Laptos, the “gas chambers” were rigged out like shower baths, with shower heads squirting “gas, not water”, after which

“the floor tipped upwards, causing the bodies to fall onto a conveyor belt which carried then to the crematorium” 9.

Even during the war, the propaganda branch of the Resistance movement at Auschwitz was busy inventing other, no less fantastic, methods of extermination, such as the story of the “pneumatic hammer” 10, the “electrical chambers” and the “electrical bath”. On 23 October 1942, the underground newspaper Informacja bieca (Current Information), no. 39 (64), published the following news item:

“According to the report of an SS employee at the electrical chambers (przy komorach elektr.), the number of victims killed daily officially amounted to 2,500 per night. They were killed in the electrical bath (w a ni elektrycznej) and in gas chambers” 11.

And a report dated 18 April 1943 attributed these methods of extermination to Auschwitz:

“b. Electrical chambers. These chambers had metallic walls; the victims were pushed inside and the high-voltage current was turned on.  c. The so-called Hammerluft system. This was a pneumatic hammer. There were special chambers in which a hammer fell from the ceiling and the victims died under high air-pressure.” 12.

Still in May 1945, Mordechai Lichtenstein declared:

“The bodies were brought to the crematoria on little trollies, where they were burned by 6,000 volt electrical current.” 13.

In June 1944, at Stockholm, an official of the Polish government in exile, a certain Waskiewicz, interrogated a Pole who had fled Poland after spending 7 weeks in Auschwitz. On 18 June, Waskiewicz drew up a report in French on the interrogation of the witnesss 14, whom he indicated by initials only: K.J. The latter was a conscript worker who had been arrested by the Gestapo upon his return from a few days furlough, and sentenced to 10 weeks in a concentration camp. He was then interned in Rattwitz camp, in Silesia, for three weeks, after which he was transferred to Auschwitz, where he spent the remaining 7 weeks.

In his report on this camp, the witness [K.J.] repeated the fairy tale of the conveyor belt, but in a different context:

At every roll call, a special service carried away all those who had fallen where they fell and no longer responded to blows and kicks. Without making sure whether they were even really dead, they were transported directly to the crematory oven on a mechanical transporter, the capacity of which, in 1943, was designed to handle 1,000 persons [at a time].” 15.

But the most fantastic part of the testimony is this:

Section XVIII (Jewish) was equipped with a gas chamber and a factory manufacturing grease for machinery. K.J. declares that he had seen how the Germans there transformed the bodies of the gassed Jews into grease, which was then shipped off in packages labelled “Schmierstoff-Fabrik Auschwitz” [Auschwitz Lubricant Factory].

As he was responsible for carrying away the bodies of gassed persons, he had been able to observe the process on a group of 1,500 Polish Jews, “shipped” in May 1943. Upon their arrival, these Jews were not mistreated. Nor did they appear to be particularly ill-nourished. As soon as they arrived, they were made to take a real bath, and were even given soap for the purpose. Then, afterwards, their clothing was taken away, they were selected, grouped separately into fat ones and thin ones, women and men. Every group was then sent to the gas chambers separately, a vast concrete room which was accessed via a triple door. The victims generally died after the doors were closed. The room was then rapidly ventilated, and the inmates responsible for carrying away the bodies were supposed to finish their job as soon as possible, before rigor mortis set in. They were carried away on special trollies which were carried to the grease factory by means of a special mechanical transporter.

There, by means of chemical processes the nature of were unknown to K.J., the bodies were transformed into pulp and the grease was extracted. The remains, in the form of a few bones and a shapless mass, was carefully burned in the crematory oven” 16.

In view of the above, Waskiewicz’s introductory description of the witness, K.J. – a genuine forerunner of the present-day historians, who are always prepared to regurgitate the most hare-brained “eyewitness testimonies” without batting an eyelid – sounds almost comical:

Of peasant origins, simple and sometimes primitive, [he was] without imagination, but an excellent and conscientious observer. His truthfulness appears indisputable” 17.

The fairy tale of the shower heads squirting poison gas instead of water was invented fairly early on. It appears in a “Letter Written in Auschwitz Camp”, dated as early as 29 August 1942, in which we read:

“The most terrifying thing is the mass executions in gas chambers constructed especially for the purpose. There are two of these, and they can contain 1,200 people. They are equipped with shower baths, unfortunately delivering poison gas instead of water. (Urz dzone s a nie z prysznicami, z których niestety zamiast wody wydobywa si gaz)18.

In an underground report on living conditions in the camp dating back to December 1942 or January 1943, the gassing procedure is described as follows:

On the inside, the chambers are equipped so as to resemble a shower bath, which only differ from real shower baths in the fact that the showers distribute poison gas instead of water (miast wody, z pryszniców wydobywa sitrujcy gaz). […].

“Inside the barracks, they must undress immediately on the pretext that they are are going to take a bath. They are even given towels and soap. After their shower, they are supposed to receive underwear and clothing. When the chamber is full, the doors are closed and the gas is emitted through openings designed to look like shower heads (i przez otwory w formie pryszniców wydobywa sigaz)” 19.

The imaginary story of the “poison gas shower baths” immediately received widespread publicity, to such an extent that Dr. [G.M.] Gilbert, the psychologist at the [First] Nuremberg Trial, even inserted them into the mouth of Rudolf Höss, the commandant of Auschwitz:

The killing [procedure] was easy, there wasn’t even any need for guards to make them enter the chambers; they went in expecting to take a shower, and instead of water, we opened [the] poison gas”.

The French underground newspaper Fraternité, in its issue for May 1944, published the following “eyewitness testimony” on Auschwitz:

“Upon arrival, all the men who were still able to work were sent to the work sites immediately. The others, women, children, old people, were sent to the showers. They were taken into a splendid, modern building… But, instead of showers of warm water, which would have refreshed their tired limbs, they received a spray of toxic gas: and in a few instants, there was nothing left but bodies, piled up against the doors through which they had attempted to flee – the bodies of mothers with their children in their arms, or old people clutching their spouses in a supreme gesture of protection” 21.

Naturally, the story of the shower baths was spread far and wide by former camp inmates. Here is an example of Sofia Schafranov’s version:

They faked a shower bath for the victims: although they knew now just what kind of ‘shower bath’ it was, they were even given towels and a piece of soap; after which, they were made to undress and enter hermetically sealed concrete chambers. The ceiling was decked out with shower heads, which emitted poison gas instead of water.” 22.

The most fantastic version of the “shower bath” fairy tale was invented by Ada Bimko, a Polish Jew deported to Auschwitz on 4 August 1943, and who testified as follows, under oath [!], at the Belsen trial:
In August 1944, she had been compelled to enter a “gas chamber” at Birkenau to remove blankets [sic] which had allegedly been left there by the gassing victims. She had hardly entered when she had the immense good luck to meet an inmate member of the so-called
Sonderkommando from the same city, after which a very agreeable SS non-commissioned officer hurriedly showed her the top-secret extermination gassing installations. This is her description:

In the first room, I saw a man who came from the same city as I did. There was also an SS man with the rank of Unterscharführer who belonged to the Red Cross. I was told that the people left their clothes in this first big room, and that they were taken from this room into another, and I had the impression that hundreds and hundreds of people [of persons] could fit into this room, it was so big. It looked like a shower bath or the bathing rooms we had at the camp. There were large numbers of shower heads on the ceiling, in parallel rows. Everybody who entered this room was given a towel and a bar of soap, so as to give them the impression that they were about to take a shower, but anybody who looked at the floor could see that it wasn’t true, because there were no exit drains for the water. This room also had a little door which led to a very dark room, which looked like a corridor. I saw lines of rails with a little trolley, which they called a truck, and I was told that the prisoners who had already been gassed were placed on these trollies, and sent straight to the crematoria. I believe that the crematorium was located in the same building, but I didn’t see the ovens. There was also a room higher than the other by a few steps, with a very low ceiling, and I saw two pipes which, as I was told, contained the gas. There were also two enormous metallic containers that contained the gas.23.

In a deposition annexed to the trial records, Ada Bimko stated:

“The SS told me that the cylincers contained the gas, which went through the pipes into the gas chamber” 24, therefore, the gas travelled from the containers into the pipes and through the shower heads into the “gas chamber”!

But even this story had its variants. One particularly extravagant variant was recounted by Bruno Piazza, who had been sentenced to death in the “gas chamber”, from which he miraculously managed to save himself:

“I heard one of them say, ‘Crematorium’. We continued marching through the camp, between two rows of barracks of a type quite similar to those of the last camp. When we got to the end, they made us turn left and then made us enter a barracks in semi-darkness, all eight hundred of us. Night had already fallen. In the middle there was a stove that had gone out and three ship’s buckets of zinc. Suddenly, they turned on the lights and we saw that we were in a sort of shower room. There were twenty shower heads on the ceiling. […].

This room, the antechamber of the crematorium, was the gas chamber […]. No doubt of it now. I had heard talk of the system: they put a white layer of potassium cyanide powder underneath the shower and then suddenly turned on the water. This caused the release of deadly poisonous cyanide gas. Then the clerk [sic] entered with a mask on his face, sprinkled the powder, turned on the shower, left, closed the door, and after ten minutes they were all dead, asphyxiated. At the other end of the room was a high door which was said to lead to the crematorium by means of an inclined plane. […].

“In the past, asphyxia had been achieved using a different method from the currrent one, with the showers. A hole was pierced in the ceiling. The hole was opened by an automatic valve, ejecting three or four pre-prepared cyanide gas cylinders into the interior of the chamber. But the system was not very safe, because sometimes the cover of the cylinder wasn’t broken in the fall, and it was then necessary to repeat the procedure four or five times, to be sure that the gas had actually been emitted into the chamber” 25.

1 The mass graves, real or imaginary, were located in the eastern area of the camp.

2 Equivalent to the German word “Schachtofen” [pit furnace], an enormous cylinder of refractory material employed for the production of gas from the gasification of coal. No installation of this type ever existed at Auschwitz.

3 Kombinat smjerti v Osvjetzimje. “Pravda”, 2 February 1945, p. 4.

4 Gjermanskij “lagjer’ smjerti” v Pol’scje (German “Death Camp” in Poland). “Pravda”, 24 March 1944, p. 4.

5 This corresponds to a cremation capacity of 115,200 bodies in 24 hours!

6 A person unknown to Holocaust historiography.

7 From a Memorandum by Mr. Lieberman, September 27, 1945, in: Azriel Eisenberg, The Lost Generation: Children in the Holocaust. Pilgrim Press, New York, 1982, pp. 139-141. As a source, the author mentions: “Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression, Vol. VI, Office of United States Chief Counsel for Prosecution of Axis Criminality, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1946; Vol. XI, pp. 1100-1103 (Document D 251).

8 Camps de concentrations. Service d’Information des Crimes de Guerre. Office Français d’Édition, Paris, 1946, p. 182.

9 L. de Jong, Die Niederlande und Auschwitz, in: “Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte”, year 17, no. 1, January 1969, p. 9.

10 Obóz koncentracyjny Oswiecim w swietle akt Delegatury Rzadu R.P. na Kraj (Auschwitz concentration camp in the light of the Polish Governmental Delegation in the country). “Zeszyty Oswiecimskie” (Auschwitz Notebooks), special edition I, Oswiecim 1968, p. 32, 43, 54. The Delegation was the representation in Poland of the Polish government in exile at London.

11 Idem, p. 52.

12 Martin Gilbert, Auschwitz & the Allies. The politics of rescue. Arrow Books Limited, London, 1984, p. 130.

13 Testimony of Mordechai Lichtenstein in: Jewish Survivors Report Documents on Nazi Guilt. No 1. Eighteen Months in the Oswiecim Extermination Camp. May 1945, p. 12. ROD, c[21]og.

14 Central Dept. Poland No. 26. 18 June 1944. Political Memorandum. From: Press Reading Bureau, Stockholm. To: Political Intelligence Departement, London. Rapport de M. Waskiewicz sur l’interrogation de K.J. PRO, FO371/39451, pp. 137-140.

15 Idem, p. 138.

16 Idem, p. 139.

17 Idem, p. 137.

18 Obóz koncentracyjny Oswiecim w Swietle akt Delegatury Rzadu R.P. na Kraj, op. cit., p. 43.

19 AGK, NTN, 155, pp. 299-300.

20 Nuremberg Diary. By G.M. Gilbert, Ph.D.. Formerly Prison Psychologist at the Nuremberg Trial of the Nazi War Criminals. Farrar, Straus and Company. New York, 1947, p. 250.

21 Stéphane Courtois, Adam Rayski, Qui savait quoi? L’extermination des Juifs 1941-1945. La Découverte, Paris, 1987, p. 220.

22 Alberto Cavaliere, I campi della morte in Germania nel racconto di una sopravvissuta. Milan, 1945, p. 40.

23 Trial of Josef Kramer and Forty-Four Others (The Belsen Trial). William Hodge and Company. London, Edinborough, Glasgow, 1949, pp. 67-68.

24 Idem, p. 742.

25 Bruno Piazza, Perché gli altri dimenticano. Feltrinelli, Milano, 1956, pp. 127-131.

From AUSCHWITZ – 27 JANUARY 1945 TO 27 JANUARY 2005: SIXTY YEARS OF PROPAGANDA by Carlo Mattogno, translated into English from the original Italian for by Carlos Porter. The entire book is archived on this site: HERE.